Little care needed. These upright, semi-evergreen shrubs are extremely cold tolerant (to zone 2) and quite ornamental. Landscape and Gardening Tips – December, Landscape and Gardening Tips – November. A pleasantly aromatic large shrub. It is easiest to begin to shape a wax myrtle into a tree form when the specimen is young and within a few years of planting. In order for you to see this page as it is meant to appear, we ask that you please re-enable your Javascript! The plants can be protected with a fence formed with hardware cloth (looks like chicken wire but with small square holes). Bayberry is an upright-rounded, dense shrub with semi-evergreen dark green, leathery-like leaves and small waxy, persistent blue-gray fruit, which add winter interest and attract many species of birds. Song birds, game birds, butterflies and moths will appreciate your thoughtful choice. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies. With any of the above techniques a balanced mix should be used, 20-20-20 or 20-30-20 or 18-24-16. Organic fertilizers, like manure, can also be used with good results. The material should be worked into open soil at a rate of one bushel per one 6′ shrub or 100 sq. Northern Bayberry : Full sun; salt tolerant; tolerates dry sites but dieback after some very dry years; can be hard to establish plants in some sites. Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica prune in late winter/early spring (renewal or heading- back annually or … Monitor the wax myrtle throughout the growing season for disease, injury and concentrated insect activity. Watering - After Planting Have not had luck with dwarf cultivars. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Plant in sun or partial shade. This series of publications is the result of a five-year research project that evaluated the adaptability of a variety of native trees and shrubs to the stresses of urban and residential landscapes in Maine. Oops! Wax myrtles, cultivated across U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 11, are fairly low-maintenance plants, but may require routine pruning to maintain or achieve a desirable shape. An average height is about 8 feet without pruning. Avoid the use of excessive nitrogen fertilizers, which encourage overly vigorous new growth and increase the need for pruning. If rejuvenation pruning is in order, take advantage of their root-suckering quality and prune them as you would prune overgrown lilacs, removing a third of the old growth each year for three successive years. Cut back branches in the wax myrtle's canopy to just above a branch junction or bud to reduce overall shrub size. Non-native invasive plants pose a serious threat to Maine’s biodiversity. To consistently provide the best landscape services and customer experience in southeastern Wisconsin. Myrica pensylvanica, Northern Bayberry, is a more cold-hardy species and the source of wax for bayberry candles. Leaves simple, alternate, obovate to oblong, 4-10 cm long and 3-4 cm wide, entire or shallowly toothed toward apex, glossy dark green … By fertilizing young shrubs you can increase both the size and the amount of flowers on the plant. Granular, liquid or stake type fertilizers can be used. Granular types should be worked into the soil around the plant at a rate of 2 pounds or 2 pints per 100 square feet of planting bed. An alternative way is to drill or punch 6″ deep holes at the drip line of the plant. Poured into these holes should be a total of 1/4 pound of fertilizer per foot of height or spread of the shrub (divided up and poured evenly between all of the holes). These holes should not be filled with more than 1/3 of the fertilizer and then they should be top filled with soil. This method of fertilization should only be done once a year, and is best done in late fall after leaf drop, or in early spring before bud break. Myrica pensylvanica-- Northern Bayberry Page 3 Breakage: susceptible to breakage either at the crotch Figure 3. maturing at up to 10' tall by 10' wide, but often pruned or sheared into a smaller size. due to poor collar formation, or the wood itself is weak and tends to break Bayberry fixes nitrogen, and the berries are wax coated. While little pruning is needed to maintain the plant, late winter is the best time to prune to control height. ), also commonly known as bayberries or California wax myrtles, are deciduous, semi-evergreen or evergreen shrubs and trees prized for their narrow, glossy leaves, clusters of small grayish fruits, off-white bark, and an ability to tolerate poor, sandy soils and salt spray. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. Sign up. What are the guidelines for pruning the follow shrubs? The base of the hardware cloth should be buried in the soil or mulch. Pruning is not really recommended or necessary for this plant. Wax myrtle can withstand heavy pruning easily and can grow several feet each year. If this portion of the shrub is crowded with branches, divide this type of pruning over two or three winters. Myrica pensylvanica Mirbel Uses Colonies of this salt spray tolerant shrub provide excellent secondary stabilization and cover to the ... grow naturally with minimal pruning. Foliage of Northern Bayberry. Cut all but one to three of the shrub's most vigorous stems back to ground level in late winter if you want to achieve a tree form. It appears that you have disabled your Javascript. While not a true honeysuckle ( Lonicera spp. Propagation is by seeds, which germinate easily and rapidly, tip cuttings, division of the stolons or transplanting wild plants. 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