Skinner, J.D, Smithers, R.H.N. The latter often with scattered, persistent spines (Ross, 1979). An icon of the South African veld, Vachellia karroo is a popular choice among local gardeners as a pavement tree or as a shade tree in larger gardens. Cape Town. Briza. An icon of the South African veld, Vachellia karroo is a popular choice among local gardeners as a pavement tree or as a shade tree in larger gardens. It is a deciduous thorn tree which grows at an average rate. In cold and dry areas the tree will be deciduous. Vachellia karroo (Acacia karroo) (Soetdoring, Sweet Thron, umuNga) is the most common and widespread thorn tree (Acacia) in southern Africa.It has a wealth of medicinal uses for people and animals and it is also used magically. A new aspect in the species-differentiation is the separate discussion of distal and proximal leaves. Vachellia karroo (Sweet Thorn) is a shrub or small to a medium-sized tree that grows up to 40 feet (12 m) tall. It is found in a variety of habitats from low lying areas to highveld, although not usually found in mist belt and montane areas. Jacana Education. Cape Gum. However, for best performance, water well and deeply (shallow, frequent sprinklings only encourage shallow root growth) until established. Vachellia karroo is commonly known by the name Sweet Thorn. Mimosa Thorn . Vachellia karroo, o r more famously Acacia karroo (sweet thorn), is one of Melozhori Private Game Reserve’s most common species of tree that serve as food for browsers. Vachellia karroo has a rounded crown, branching fairly low down on the trunk. The crown is rounded and branches fairly low down on the trunk. Gwaze Bark: A. karroo bark: longitudinally fissured, can be either reddish brown to dark brown/black and rough, or pale greyish-white to greyish-brown and smooth. Palmer, E and Pitman, N. 1972. Semi-deciduous Full sun Frost tolerant Low water requirements Medium water requirements Fast grower Fragrant flowers Common names: Sweet thorn (English); Soetdoring (Afrikaans) The beautiful Acacia karroo is one of South Africa's most stunning and useful trees. Acacia karroo Hayne Acacia dekindtiana A. Chev. Vachellia karroo, commonly known as the Sweet thorn, is a species of acacia, native to southern Africa from southern Angola east to Mozambique, and south to South Africa. Acacia hirtella E. Mey. The paired thorns are greyish to white, long and straight. Medicinal properties, bark used to tan leather red, firewood, gum eaten by bush babies, seeds are a coffee substitute. Vachellia karroo. Common names: sweet thorn (English); soetdoring (Afrikaans); mookana (North Sotho); mooka (Tswana); umuNga (Zulu) (Xhosa). Vachellia Karroo Stock Photos and Images (66) Page 1 of 1. Vachellia karroo, Acacia karroo Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Mimosoideae Sweet Thorn Origin: South Africa. Vachellia karroo has a life span of 30-40 years and is an adaptable pioneer, able to establishing itself without shade, shelter or protection from grass fires. And Acacia natalitia (pale barked sweet thorn) with 6-12 p/p and a greyish white bark, with a wider distributuion, replacing Acacia karroo east of the Great Escarpement area in the summer rainfall region. In arid areas the sweet thorn is an indicator of water, both underground and surface. Making the most of Indigenous Trees. This apparently may be prevented by seasoning the wood in water for six months before use. These trees can grow up to 12 meters and is recognizable by its rounded crown, yellow flowers, finely textured leaves and twin thorns. TREE OF THE DAY : Vachellia karroo . Sweet thorn is very frost hardy and moderately drought tolerant. It also had commercial value in the past when the gum was exported as "Cape Gum" for making confectionary. D.P. 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